Tokugawa Iesada

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Tokugawa Iesada was the 13th Tokugawa shogun. His reign saw many of the key events of the Bakumatsu period, including the coming of Commodore Perry, the Convention of Kanagawa, and the Harris Treaty, and the beginnings of the factionalism and political tensions which would eventually topple the shogunate.

Iesada succeeded his father Tokugawa Ieyoshi on 1853/10/23 following Ieyoshi's death earlier that year.

After his first two wives each died, he married Atsu-hime, a daughter of the Imaizumi Shimazu clan, on 1856/12/18.[1]

Iesada died two years later, on 1858/7/4, having named Tokugawa Iemochi, a son of Tokugawa Nariyuki, lord of Wakayama han (who was in turn a son of former shogun Tokugawa Ienari), his successor. Despite efforts by Tokugawa Nariaki of Mito han and others to have Nariaki's son Tokugawa Yoshinobu named shogun, Iemochi successfully took the position, with the support of Ii Naosuke, among others. (Yoshinobu would later succeed Iemochi, however.) Iesada was buried at the Tokugawa clan family temple of Kan'ei-ji in Edo; while a number of shogunal mausolea were lost to bombings in World War II, Iesada's is among those which survive.

Preceded by:
Tokugawa Ieyoshi
Tokugawa Shogun
Succeeded by:
Tokugawa Iemochi


  • Evelyn Rawski, Early Modern China and Northeast Asia: Cross-Border Perspectives, Cambridge University Press (2015), 161.
  1. Kaiyô kokka Satsuma 海洋国家薩摩, Kagoshima: Shôkoshûseikan (2010), 58-59.
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