- Other Names: 漢陽 (K: Hanyang; J: Kan'yô), 漢城 (K: Hanseong, J: Kanjô), 京城 (K: Gyeongseong, J: Keijô)
- Japanese: ソウル (Souru)
Seoul (then called Hanseong) was made the royal capital in 1394, following the fall of the Goryeo Kingdom. Construction of the new royal palace was completed the following year, along with Jongmyo Shrine (a shrine to the royal ancestors) and the Sajikdan Altar. The city walls were completed the next year, in 1396.
The city was captured by samurai forces under Konishi Yukinaga and Katô Kiyomasa in 1592/5, and much of it was destroyed. Jongmyo Shrine and Changdeokgung Palace were rebuilt by 1608. A new palace, Gyeonghuigung Palace, was completed in 1620.
In the early modern period, there were eight main gates providing entry into Seoul's city walls.
The court ordered the dredging of the Chonggyecheon Stream in 1760.
- Gallery labels, "Seoul, West Gate," British Museum.
- Robert Hellyer, Defining Engagement, Harvard University Press (2009), 245.