- Japanese: 長崎派 (Nagasaki ha)
Roughly 130 members of the Chinese community at Nagasaki are known for their painting; not all were professional painters, and in fact most are all but unknown within the canons of Chinese art history today. Many were merchants, Zen priests, or scholars or physicians who also painted; some brought artistic influences of the Southern school of mainstream Chinese literati painting, while others brought more specifically regional stylistic elements from Guangdong or Fujian provincial styles.
Those considered to be associated with the school today include both these Chinese painters and those Japanese who studied under them. These include the likes of Sô Shiseki, Shen Nanpin, and Shiba Kôkan, as well as Chen Yuanyun who lived in Nagasaki from 1638 to 1690, Yi Fujiu who traveled between China and Japan 1720-1747, and Sô Shigan, a student of Nanpin who taught painting in Nagasaki from 1758 to 1760.
- Marius Jansen, China in the Tokugawa World, Harvard University Press (1992), 60.