- Japanese: 門前町 (monzenmachi)
Monzenmachi, or, literally "gate-front towns," were towns and cities which grew up around major Buddhist and Shintô sites, especially in the Edo period. The term stands in contrast to jôkamachi, or castle towns.
- Moriya, Katsuhisa. Ronald Toby (trans.) "Urban Networks and Information Networks." in Chie Nakane and Shinzaburô Ôishi (eds.) Tokugawa Japan: The Social and Economic Antecedents of Modern Japan. University of Tokyo Press, 1990. p103.