Matsudaira Naonori was the second son of Matsudaira Yoshinori, last daimyô of Akashi han in Harima province. Adopted by his elder brother Matsudaira Naomune, he inherited headship of the family in 1884.
He is known also for his art collection, which included a rare set of nanban screens entitled Yôjin sôgakuzu byôbu, and today in the collection of the MOA (Museum of Art) in Shizuoka.
- "Matsudaira Naonori," Nihon jinmei daijiten 日本人名大辞典, Kodansha, 2009.
- Naoko Frances Hioki, "Visual Bilingualism and Mission Art," Japan Review 23 (2011), 23-44.