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* ''Birth: [[1835]]''
 
* ''Birth: [[1835]]''
 
* ''Death: [[1893]]''
 
* ''Death: [[1893]]''
* ''Titles: Higo no kami''
+
* ''Titles: Higo no kami, [[Kyoto Shugo Shoku]]''
 
* ''Childhood name: Keinosuke''
 
* ''Childhood name: Keinosuke''
 
* ''Other names: Masane Reishin (Shinto name)''
 
* ''Other names: Masane Reishin (Shinto name)''
* ''Japanese'': 松平 容保 ''(Matsudaira Katamori)''
+
* ''Japanese'': [[松平]] 容保 ''(Matsudaira Katamori)''
 +
 
 +
Matsudaira Katamori was the ninth [[Edo period]] lord of [[Aizu han]], and a prominent figure in [[Bakumatsu period]] politics.
  
 
==Kyoto==
 
==Kyoto==
Katamori was born as a son of Lord [[Matsudaira Yoshitatsu]] of [[Takasu han]].
+
Katamori was the sixth son of Lord [[Matsudaira Yoshitatsu]] of [[Takasu han]]. He was adopted by [[Matsudaira Katataka]] of [[Aizu han]] in [[1846]], and became lord of Aizu in [[1852]] upon Katataka's death.
He was adopted by [[Matsudaira Katataka]] of [[Aizu han]] in [[1846]].
+
  
In [[1862]], he was apointed as the [[Military Commissioner of Kyoto]] and took 1000 Aizu Samurai to [[Kyoto]] in December.
+
On [[1862]]/int.8/1, he was appointed to the position of Kyoto ''shugo shoku'' (Military Commissioner of Kyoto) and took 1000 Aizu samurai to [[Kyoto]] later that year. While in Kyoto, he made efforts to support the unification of the imperial court and the shogunate (''[[Kobu gattai|Kôbu gattai]]'') and used the [[Shinsengumi]] to maintain public peace.
  
[[1863]] August, he succeeded to expel [[Choshu han]] lobbyists from the imperial court and he got great trust from [[Emperor Komei]].([[Political change on August 18.]])
+
In summer [[1863]], he succeeded in expelling [[Choshu han|Chôshû han]] lobbyists from the imperial court and gained the trust of [[Emperor Komei|Emperor Kômei]].  
  
While in Kyoto, he used the [[Shinsengumi]] to maintain public peace.
+
In [[1867]], Shogun [[Tokugawa Yoshinobu]] returned political power to [[Emperor Meiji]] and the position of Military Commissioner of Kyoto was abolished.
 
+
[[1867]], Shogun [[Tokugawa Yoshinobu]] returned political power to [[Emperor Meiji]] and the Military Commissioner of Kyoto was abolished.
+
  
 
==The Battle of Aizu==
 
==The Battle of Aizu==
Katamori left Kyoto during the [[Battle of Toba-Fushimi]] with Shogun Yoshinobu and returned to Aizu in february.
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*''See also [[Battle of Aizu]]''
Pro-Emperor troops defeated the Bakufu troops in Ueno (the [[Battle of Ueno]]) and headed to north in May.
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Katamori left Kyoto during the [[Battle of Toba-Fushimi]] with Shogun Yoshinobu and returned to Aizu. Pro-Imperial troops defeated Tokugawa troops in the [[Battle of Ueno]] and headed north several months later. The domains in the northern provinces then allied together against the pro-Imperial troops which were mainly from [[Satsuma han]] and Chôshû. However some domains went over to the pro-Imperial side; most ultimately surrendered before Aizu did.
The han in northern provinces allied together to against the Pro-Emperor troops which were mainly [[Satsuma han]] and [[Choshu han]].
+
However some of the han went over to the Pro-Emperor side and most han surrendered before Aizu fell.
+
  
 
==Meiji==
 
==Meiji==
After the [[Boshin War]], Katamori confined himself until [[1872]] and became the chief priest of [[Nikko Tosho Gu|Nikkô Tôshô Gû]] in [[1880]].
+
After the [[Boshin War]], Katamori confined himself until [[1872]] and became the chief priest of [[Nikko Toshogu|Nikkô Tôshôgû]] in [[1880]].
Katamori died of Pneumonia in [[1893]], he kept a  letter from Emperor Komei with him all the time but he never talked about [[Bakumatsu]].
+
 
 +
Katamori died of pneumonia in [[1893]].
 +
 
 +
==Research Books==
 +
* ''Kyoto Shugoshoku Shimatsu'' (京都守護職始末) [[Yamakawa Hiroshi]]
 +
* ''Matsudaira Katamori'' (松平容保) Obigane Mitsutoshi
 +
* ''Matsudaira Katamori'' (松平容保) Hoshi Ryoichi
 +
* ''Haisha kara mita Meijiishin'' (敗者から見た明治維新) Saotome Mitsugu
 +
* ''Matsudaira Katamori no Shogai'' (松平容保の生涯) Kobiyama Rokuro
 +
* ''Matsudaira Katamori'' (松平容保) Haji Hideya
 +
* ''Matsudaira Katamori ha Choteki ni arazu'' (松平容保は朝敵にあらず) Nakamura Akihiko
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
* ''[[Rekishi Dokuhon 2007 Jan]]''
 
* ''[[Rekishi Dokuhon 2007 Jan]]''
 +
* ''[http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%9D%BE%E5%B9%B3%E5%AE%B9%E4%BF%9D J-wikipedia]'' Matsudaira Katamori
 
[[Category:Samurai]]
 
[[Category:Samurai]]
 
[[Category:Edo Period]]
 
[[Category:Edo Period]]
 
[[Category:Bakumatsu]]
 
[[Category:Bakumatsu]]

Latest revision as of 07:43, 17 July 2020

Photograph of Matsudaira Katamori
  • Birth: 1835
  • Death: 1893
  • Titles: Higo no kami, Kyoto Shugo Shoku
  • Childhood name: Keinosuke
  • Other names: Masane Reishin (Shinto name)
  • Japanese: 松平 容保 (Matsudaira Katamori)

Matsudaira Katamori was the ninth Edo period lord of Aizu han, and a prominent figure in Bakumatsu period politics.

Contents

[edit] Kyoto

Katamori was the sixth son of Lord Matsudaira Yoshitatsu of Takasu han. He was adopted by Matsudaira Katataka of Aizu han in 1846, and became lord of Aizu in 1852 upon Katataka's death.

On 1862/int.8/1, he was appointed to the position of Kyoto shugo shoku (Military Commissioner of Kyoto) and took 1000 Aizu samurai to Kyoto later that year. While in Kyoto, he made efforts to support the unification of the imperial court and the shogunate (Kôbu gattai) and used the Shinsengumi to maintain public peace.

In summer 1863, he succeeded in expelling Chôshû han lobbyists from the imperial court and gained the trust of Emperor Kômei.

In 1867, Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu returned political power to Emperor Meiji and the position of Military Commissioner of Kyoto was abolished.

[edit] The Battle of Aizu

Katamori left Kyoto during the Battle of Toba-Fushimi with Shogun Yoshinobu and returned to Aizu. Pro-Imperial troops defeated Tokugawa troops in the Battle of Ueno and headed north several months later. The domains in the northern provinces then allied together against the pro-Imperial troops which were mainly from Satsuma han and Chôshû. However some domains went over to the pro-Imperial side; most ultimately surrendered before Aizu did.

[edit] Meiji

After the Boshin War, Katamori confined himself until 1872 and became the chief priest of Nikkô Tôshôgû in 1880.

Katamori died of pneumonia in 1893.

[edit] Research Books

  • Kyoto Shugoshoku Shimatsu (京都守護職始末) Yamakawa Hiroshi
  • Matsudaira Katamori (松平容保) Obigane Mitsutoshi
  • Matsudaira Katamori (松平容保) Hoshi Ryoichi
  • Haisha kara mita Meijiishin (敗者から見た明治維新) Saotome Mitsugu
  • Matsudaira Katamori no Shogai (松平容保の生涯) Kobiyama Rokuro
  • Matsudaira Katamori (松平容保) Haji Hideya
  • Matsudaira Katamori ha Choteki ni arazu (松平容保は朝敵にあらず) Nakamura Akihiko

[edit] References

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