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Kumarajiva was one of a number of early translators of Buddhist texts into Chinese. Originally from Central Asia, he first came to Chang'an in 401, and directed a thousand monks in the project of translating a number of texts. Among these were works which significantly introduced Madhyamika ideas into China, such as the doctrine of emptiness known as sunyata.


  • Conrad Schirokauer, et al, A Brief History of Chinese and Japanese Civilizations, Fourth Edition, Cengage Learning (2012), 87-88.
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