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  • Japanese: 城下町 (joukamachi)

Jôkamachi (lit. "towns below castles") were cities which grew up around castles, especially those which served as a daimyô's "seat," the political center of a han (domain) in the Edo period.

Castle towns in the 17th century numbered over two hundred.[1]


  1. Moriya, Katsuhisa. Ronald Toby (trans.) "Urban Networks and Information Networks." in Chie Nakane and Shinzaburô Ôishi (eds.) Tokugawa Japan: The Social and Economic Antecedents of Modern Japan. University of Tokyo Press, 1990. p104.
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